RHEL 6 vs RHEL 7 Difference Between Previous and Newer Version

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 is an major / drastic change to enterprise. To serve / meet today’s business critical application performance RHEL 7 is the best Operating system to use, very light weight and container based. In this article we are going to see RHEL 6 vs RHEL 7 Difference Between Previous and Newer Version. RHEL 7 vs RHEL 6.

What’s Changed in RHEL 7 Administration side

  • System Boot time is optimized to boot faster
  • Anaconda Installer completely redesigned
  • Grub boot loader version changed from 0.97 to Grub 2
  • No More SysV Initd system changed to Systemd system
  • Network Interface names changed from ethx to ensxxx
  • Introduced new concept of creating multiple Network profiles to activate based on network you connected (Ex. Home, Office and Other)
  • Default Database is changed from MySQL to MariaDB
  • No More editing of Network configuration file for assigning IP address and creating Teaming interfaces use nmcli utility
  • Ifconfig and route commands are deprecated in RHEL 7, Replaced with ip command
  • GNOME Version 2 replaced with GNOME 3 default Desktop
  • System User UID range changed from 0-449 to 0-999
  • Locate command is changed to mlocate
  • Cluster Resource Manager changed from RGManager to Pacemaker and all CMAN features merged into Corosync
  • Netstat command replaced with ss command
  • NTP Daemon replaced with chronyd faster way to sync time RHEL 6 vs RHEL 7
  • Directories /bin, /sbin, /lib and /lib64 moved under /usr directory

RHEL 6 vs RHEL 7 Difference

Feature NameRHEL 6RHEL 7
Default File SystemExt4XFS
Kernel Version2.6.xx3.10.xx
Release NameSantiagoMaipo
Gnome VersionGNOME 2GNOME 3.8
KDE VersionKDE 4.1KDE 4.6
Release DateWednesday, November 10, 2010Tuesday, June 10, 2014
NFS VersionNFS 4NFS 4.1. NFS V2 is deprecated in RHEL 7
Samba VersionSMB 3.6SMB 4.4
Default DatabaseMySQLMariaDB
Cluster Resource ManagerRgmanagerPacemaker
Network Interface GroupingBonding can be done as Active-Backup, XOR, IEEE and Load Balancing Team Driver will support multiple types of Teaming methods called Active-Backup, Load-balancing and Broadcast
KDUMPKdump does’t support with large RAM Size RHEL 7 can be supported up to 3TB
Boot LoaderGrub 2
/boot/grub2/grub.cfg
Grub 0.97
/boot/grub/grub.conf
File System Checke2fsck
-Inode check. Block and size check
–Directory Structure check
-Directory Link Check
-reference count check
-Group Summary Check 
 xfs_replair
– Inode blockmap checks
-Inode allocation map checks
-Inode size check
-Directory check
-Path Name check
-Link count check
-Freemap check
-Super block check
Process IDInitd  Process ID 1 Systemd Process ID 1
Port SecurityIptables by default service port is enabled when service is switched on. Firewalld instead of iptables. Iptables can also support with RHEL 7, but we can’t use both of them at the same time. Firewall will not allow any port until and unless you enabled it.
Boot Time40 Sec20 Sec
File System SizeEXT4 16TB with XFS 100TBXFS 500TB with EXT4 16TB
Processor Architecture32Bit and 64BitOnly 64Bit.
Network Configuration Toolsetupnmtui
Host name Config File/etc/sysconfig/network/etc/hostname No need to edit hostname file to write permanent hostname simply use hostnamectl command
Interface Nameeth0ens33xxx
Managing Servicesservice sshd start
service sshd restart
chkconfig sshd on
systemctl start sshd.service
systemctl restart sshd.service
systemctl enable sshd.service
System Logs/var/log//var/log
journalctl
Run Levelsrunlevel 0 – Power Off
runlevel 1 – Single User Mode
runlevel 2 – Multi User without Networking
runlevel 3 – Multi User CLI
runlevel 4 – Not USed
runlevel 5 – GUI Mode
runlevel 6 – Restart
There is no run levels in RHEL 7. Run levels are called as targets
Poweroff.target
rescue.target
multi-user.target
graphical.target
reboot.target
UID InformationNormal User UID will start from 500 to 65534
System Users UID will start from 1 to 499
Normal User UID start from 1000 – 65534
System Users UID will start from 1 to 999Because Services are increased compare to RHEL 6
By Pass Root Password Promptappend 1 or s or init=/bin/bash to Kernel command lineAppend rd.break or init=/bin/bash to kernel command line
Rebooting and Poweroffpoweroff – init 0
reboot – init 6
systemctl poweroff
systemctl reboot
YUM Commandsyum groupinstall
yum groupinfo
yum group install
yum group info

Newly Introduced Features in RHEL 7

  1. No More 32-bit installation packages
  2. Docker is an Open Source Project, it helps to deploy applications inside Linux containers.

Thanks for the Read, Please Provide your valuable feedback on the same. RHEL 6 vs RHEL 7

Conclusion: There are lot many changes out of all few are listed above. For complete and detailed information please read Red Hat enterprise Linux 7 release notes. Download this Complete Changes list

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Thanks for your wonderful Support and Encouragement

ARK

My Name is ARK. Expert in grasping any new technology, Interested in Sharing the knowledge. Learn more & Earn More

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13 Responses

  1. rajesh says:

    Hi
    I thing there is some features mentioned in rhel6 instead of rhel7…. boot time, filesystem size and processor architecture

  2. OMS says:

    This shows awesome difference 🙂 I appreciate your efforts.

  3. Raghu says:

    Nice but I want to know how to extract and tar

  4. Hitender Pal Singh says:

    seems mistakenly KDE Version, Default Database & Bootloader has been swapped & it needs to be corrected.

  5. Chetan says:

    In the above table looks like the Default DB name has got interchanged

    Default Database MariaDB MySQL

  6. karthikeyan says:

    Boot Loader
    Grub 2 /boot/grub2/grub.cfg
    Grub 0.97 /boot/grub/grub.conf

    interchange the above mentioned ……..you are wrongly mentioned

  7. sangeethkumar says:

    its very useful to me. thanks ark

  8. Sachin Patil says:

    Nice Information ARK….it will be very useful.

  9. Mukesh says:

    You job is awesome

  10. prafulla says:

    Nice. This is very useful for us.

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