samba share multi user access

In previous article we discussed about creating and configuring SMB / CIFS share with single user support which CIFS share can’t be accessed by multiple users. In this article we are going to discuss about samba share multi user access which means SMB / CIFS share can be accessed by multiple users with in the server OR from client.

Creating SMB / CIFS share means it should be accessible from UNIX and Windows platforms. Samba Share user access must be identified with valid users and groups by checking their passwords then controls by comparing their access rights to the permissions on files and directories.

SMB / CIFS share features

  • Active File sharing
  • Faster data transfer in low band width network
  • Secure Data Transfer with user credential
  • Node Fault tolerance
  • Scalable

Samba Server Profile

  • Packages required: samba*
  • Port Number: 445
  • Daemon Name: smb
  • config File Location: /etc/samba/smb.conf

Let’s see how to create samba share multi user access

[root@ArkIT ~]# yum install samba*

Now Enable and Start SMB service. Enabling service which will automatically start the smb service immediate after server reboot.

# systemctl enable smb.service
# systemctl start smb.service

Make an directory to share using SMB / CIFS

# mkdir /arkit-multiuser

By default SELinux is enabled. SELinux will not allow to share directory with other network client without proper SELinux security policies

# semanage fcontext -a -t samba_share_t "/arkit-multiuser(/.*)?"
# restorecon -vRF /arkit-multiuser/
# ls -ldZ /arkit-multiuser/
drwxr-xr-x. root root system_u:object_r:samba_share_t:s0 /arkit-multiuser/

SELinux context for SMB / CIFS share is samba_share_t

Enabling the firewall ports to communicate with clients

# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=samba
# firewall-cmd --reload

Adding normal users and converting them as Samba users

# useradd ravi
# useradd ramana
# useradd srikanth
# smbpasswd -a ravi
New SMB password:
Retype new SMB password:
Added user ravi.
# smbpasswd -a ramana
New SMB password:
Retype new SMB password:
Added user ramana.
# smbpasswd -a srikanth
New SMB password:
Retype new SMB password:
Added user srikanth.

To verify Samba user 

# pdbedit -L -v

Creating common group and add user to group provide access

# groupadd IT
# usermod -aG IT ravi
# usermod -aG IT ramana

Configuring the Samba share with multi user support. Edit the configuration file and add the configuration yet end of config file

[root@server ~]#vim /etc/samba/smb.conf

 comment = Information Technology Team
 path = /arkit-multiuser
 write list = @IT
 hosts allow = 192.168.4.

Save and Exit 

That’s about server side configuration

Now client side configuration

[root@server ~]# yum install cifs-utils

Now create an file in /root with username and password and restrict access to other user

[root@server ~]# vim /root/access
[root@server ~]# chmod 600 /root/access
[root@server ~]# ls -l /root/access
-rw-------. 1 root root 30 May 29 18:24 /root/access
[root@server ~]# cat /root/access

Open /etc/fstab file and mount the samba share permanently 

[root@Client ~]#vim /etc/fstab
// /mnt/coss cifs credentials=/root/access,defaults,multiuser,sec=ntlmssp 0 0

Save & Exit

# mount -a

now let login to other user and check the CIFS share visibility and access

# cifscreds add

Check using df command

That’s it. 


samba share multi user access SMB / CIFS has been created. Now you learned that creating and configuring samba multi user access

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